If you pay attention to the news recently, you may have heard that some countries in West Africa is currently working hard to fight the deadly virus called Ebola. In development for the past week, the virus apparently spread not only in the village but has entered the urban.
So far, three hospitals in New York, the United States has been isolated and tested as there are patients with suspected Ebola infection. The average patient experiencing symptoms such as fever, indigestion, headaches and travel to the West African countries.
Given recent developments worsens, the following questions were asked most number of people on the Google website. And to make it more clear answer reader questions, we quote the statement of virus experts like Chris Basler, Ph.D. of Icahn School of Medicine in New York City; and Prof. Tim Lahey, MD, a specialist in infectious diseases and microbiology and immunology expert at Dartmouth Geisel School of Medicine, as quoted Womenshealth
1. How Ebola spreads?
Ebola virus spreads from person to person through contact with body fluids of an infected person. Body fluids such as blood is infected, pus, sweat and saliva.
2. In an incubation period of 21 days, if the virus can be transmitted?
Yes, it takes 21 days from the time of exposure until you feel symptoms. But still, in those days, the virus will not be transmitted.
3. Body fluids such as what can pass on?
Sweat, vomit, semen, breast milk, saliva and all body fluids.
4. Ebola can be transmitted sexually as well?
There is some evidence that transmission of the virus can occur after an individual recovers from the infection. So they clinically appear better, but in the body there is still a virus in semen and it’s never been a case example. In order to avoid the virus, Dr. Lahey recommends the use of a condom during intercourse.
5. Justify this deadly virus?
Mortality rate of 60 to 90 percent of it may not apply in the United States or Europe. Because the actual cause of death from Ebola is the virus that causes organ failure is very difficult to treat.
While in countries that have a full ICU care may be much better prepared to prevent that.
6. Thus, the deadly ebola because of what?
In addition to bleeding, people who died from ebola so far due to damage to organs, such as kidneys.
7 .Is it true that doctors who take care of ebola should not be returned to their home country?
Until now, the American government still allow residents to return. All necessary precautions and transmission also still be anticipated.
8. Ebola is a serious public health problem. What if the disease is transmitted to other countries?
Know, this virus is transmitted through close contact between individuals. So maybe it’s good to know the early symptoms of ebola and the risk of transmission, such as whether the patient had visited the country are infected or not and so on.
9. What can we do to prevent this virus?
If you meet people at risk, use of protective equipment such as face masks or long clothing. Also use gloves to avoid direct contact with patients.
10. What happens to patients who are put in isolation?
Because Ebola is transmitted through bodily fluids, the patient will be placed in a private room with the door closed. That is enough.
Some diseases such as tuberculosis, measles, chicken pox may be difficult due to the spread of the virus through the air. But for Ebola, a room with a closed door just enough.